A collection of pus, which usually forms as a result of infection.
A tooth or tooth structure which anchors a bridge, denture or implant.
A silver filling material made from several different metals, including mercury.
A medication which causes temporary numbness and loss of sensation or feeling.
The position in the front (in dentistry, the front teeth).
The end/tip of the root.
The gradual wear of the teeth over time. Attrition usually is the result of daily use in chewing as well as other problems.
A term applied to teeth which are knocked out of the mouth completely.
A kind of dental X-ray which is taken with the teeth biting together. Bitewing X-rays detect cavities in between teeth and height of bone support.
Another term for teeth whitening.
A dental prosthesis which is fixed inside the mouth to replace missing teeth.
A condition characterized be teeth grinding and clenching.
The third tooth from the middle of the jaw. There four canine teeth are the longest teeth in humans.
An ulceration with yellow base and red border in mouth. It can be caused by trauma or herpes simplex virus.
Another term for tooth decay.
A hole on the tooth. Also known as tooth decay or carries.
A model of teeth. Also known as an impression.
The process of “gluing” the appliance/prosthesis on the associated area.
An anti-microbial agent available in many forms, such as gels and rinses. It is an effective agent in controlling gum diseases.
A metal arm extended from a removable partial denture. It helps to hold onto natural tooth structure and thus provide anchorage for the denture.
An ulcer or blister on lip. A form of herpes simplex.
A term used to indicate white filling or bonding material. Composite filing material is usually made from a mixture of glass and plastics and is tooth-colored.
An abnormal bite relationship of upper and lower jaw. The lower teeth/tooth align toward the check/ lip side more than the upper teeth/tooth.
A crown, or cap, is a dental prosthetic which covers the tooth above the gum line to restore the appearance and function of the tooth.
A soft substance caused by the bacterial demineralization of enamel and dentin. An infection within a tooth.
A branch of medicine that involves the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of any disease concerning the teeth, mouth or associated structures.
The position, type, and number of teeth in upper and lower jaw.
Denture (Immediate/complete/partial; overdenture, temporary)
An artificial object to replace missing teeth and their neighboring structures. There are many different types of dentures to satisfy different treatment requirements and patient preferences.
The person who specializes in fabricating dentures.
A procedure to reduce the sensitivity of teeth.
The process of identifying dental disease.
The space between two adjacent teeth.
A direction indication in the mouth. It indicates the direction away from the middle of the jaw.
A department of dentistry involving diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental pulp (the nerves and blood vessels inside the teeth).
The process of the tooth appearing in the mouth.
The action of cutting something off.
When a tooth may be pushed partially out of the socket.
A restoration placed on a tooth to restore its function and appearance. Filling repair minor to moderate damage, such as that caused by cavities or minor cracking.
A temporary denture to replace missing teeth during the waiting period for long term treatment.
A thread that goes in between teeth for cleaning.
A mineral which works to strengthen tooth enamel and help prevent cavities.
Teeth treatment with fluoride agents like gel or rinse. It helps to prevent tooth decay.
When a cusp of a tooth becomes weakened, a fracture may result. It is possible for the crack to extend further into the root and damage to the pulp is commonplace.
A metal skeleton of a removable partial denture to support the false teeth and the plastic attachments.
The mildest form of gum disease, caused by inflammation of the gums and characterized by red, tender and swollen gums and gums which bleed easily.
A stop to bleeding.
A condition where a tooth is trapped and unable to erupt normally through the gums.
A prosthetic tooth which replaces both the tooth root and crown. The implant post is a small screw in the jawbone, while the implant restoration replaces the missing tooth or teeth.
A mold taken by some jelly-like material loaded on a tray. Used in creating mouth guards, oral appliances, dental restorations, etc.
The cutting edge of front teeth.
The four upper and lower front teeth.
A restoration (usually gold, composite or ceramics) fabricated in the lab that cements on a tooth like a missing puzzle piece. It helps to restore the normal function and outlook of the tooth. Also known as a “partial crown.”
The space between two adjacent teeth.
The side of the tooth towards the tongue.
The side of the tooth towards the middle of the jaw.
The last three upper and lower teeth on both sides of the mouth.
A device to be worn in the mouth. Mouth guards may be used to protect the teeth from grinding or while playing a sport.
A mouthguard which is worn at night time. Typically recommended to treat bruxism or TMJ disorders.
The biting surface of the back teeth.
The way that the upper and lower teeth close together.
A restoration that covers the entire biting surface of a tooth. Also known as a “partial crown” and used to restore damage caused by cavities or cracking.
The situation where the upper teeth not able to contact the opposing lower teeth.
A special field in dentistry which involves the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of bite abnormalities or facial irregularities.
The overlap of upper teeth and lower teeth when they close together.
The portion of filling material that hangs beyond the border of the cavity.
The roof of the mouth.
An X-ray film which captures images of the entire jaws and associated structures. Often used in planning treatments such as implant placement.
An opening on a tooth or other oral structure.
The surrounding of the bottom of the root of a tooth.
A specialty of dentistry involving the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of gum (periodontal) disease and other conditions of the gums. Periodontics also includes implant placement procedures.
Adult’s teeth. The first permanent tooth usually comes in around 6 years old.
A piece of “nail-like” metal. It usually is used for better retention of a filling.
A process to make the tooth, filling or other denture smooth and glossy.
The false tooth in a bridge or denture to replace the missing tooth.
A big pin which can be made with different materials such as metal or carbon. Its function usually is to support a big buildup on a tooth.
Located at the back.
An approval from the particular authority (usually insurance company in dentistry) before any action (treatment) is carried out.
Medication needing to be taken before treatment.
The two teeth located in front of the molar.
A written statement (from a doctor to a pharmacist) regarding the type, the amount and direction of the use of a medication for a patient. In dentistry, a prescription can also be a written statement for preparation of an appliance from a dentist to a lab technician.
Baby teeth. Primary teeth begin erupting at around six months of age. There are 20 primary teeth in total.
The procedure of teeth polishing. It also means the prevention of diseases.
An artificial part to replace missing teeth and their associated structures.
A specialty of dentistry involving the diagnosis, treatment planning, and fabrication of artificial parts to replace missing teeth and their associated structures.
The innermost part of a tooth. It contains nerves and blood vessels inside a tooth.
The removal of the whole pulp inside a tooth. Typically provided for children and also known as a baby root canal.
The removal of the top part of the pulp inside a tooth. Typically provided for children and also known as a baby root canal.
The formal term for an X-ray.
The regular checkup and teeth cleaning appointment.
The process of “gluing” the appliance/prosthesis back on the associated area.
An item a dentist uses to restore the normal function of a tooth or an area in the mouth. Restorations include fillings, bridges, crowns and implants.
A device used for maintaining the position of teeth in the jaw in orthodontic treatment.
The process of repeating the root canal treatment.
The bottom part of tooth. It anchors the tooth to its supporting units.
The canal that runs inside the root of the tooth. It contains the nerves and blood vessels inside the tooth.
Root canal treatment
A treatment for the root canal inside the tooth. Usually required when decay or trauma reach into the dental pulp and performed to save the tooth and prevent extraction.
The action of cleaning the root area of teeth. Usually performed to treat periodontal disease in combination with scaling.
A rubber sheet that fits around teeth. It isolates the treatment area from the rest of the oral cavity.
The action of cleaning teeth below the gumline. Usually performed to treat periodontal disease in combination with root planing.
A thin layer of plastic-like material covering the grooves and pits on a tooth to block out decay-causing factors and protect the teeth from cavities.
The use of medication to calm a patient.
An appliance to maintain the space between teeth.
An appliance or a material to prevent movement of a mobile part.
Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ)
The joint that links the two parts of the jaw. TMJ disorders affect this joint and may require treatment.
An outgrowth of bone. It usually develops on the roof of the mouth or around the premolar area on the lower jaw.
A thin, tooth colored shell which is bonded to the front surfaces of the tooth to improve the appearance of the smile.
The eighth (also the last) tooth from the middle of the jaw. Also known as the third molars, and usually requiring extraction.
The formal term for dry mouth.